29
Thu, Jul

Stone Circles of Senegambia

View from the north of the megalithic necropolis of Wamar (Kaolack region)

Wonders of Senegal

Du en grande partie aux conditions climatiques, l'Afrique de l'Ouest ne possède pas de vestiges monumentaux comme ceux que l'on peut trouver en Europe et ailleurs. Les Pyramides et les Temples de l'ancienne Egypte, les ruines du Zimbabwe ont bénéficié d'un climat plus clément. Une seule exception confirme la règle en Afrique de l'Ouest ; les Cercles Mégalithiques de grandes concentrations de Cercles de Pierre d'origine volcanique (concression latéritique assez facile à travailler), qui font partie des mystères de la culture africaine que l'on aimerait bien éclaircir pour percer encore certains secrets culturels de nos origines. Ces cercles se trouvent à la frontière du Sénégal et de la Gambie. Le site a été inscrit en 2006 sur la liste du patrimoine mondial de l'UNESCO à l'occasion de la 30e session du Comité.


Les cercles de Sénégambie sont des cercles de pierre d'âge historique réalisés en roches volcaniques ou en concressions latéritiques assez faciles à travailler. Ces cercles se trouvent à la frontière du Sénégal et de la Gambie.
Le site a été inscrit en 2006 sur la liste du patrimoine mondial de l'UNESCO à l'occasion de la 30e session du Comité.
Quatre grands groupes de cercles mégalithiques constituent une concentration extraordinaire - plus de 1 000 monuments - sur une bande de 100 km de large qui longe sur 350 km le fleuve Gambie. Les quatre groupes, Sine Ngayène, Wanar, Wassu et Kerbatch rassemblent 93 cercles et de nombreux tumuli, monticules funéraires. Certains ont été fouillés et ont révélé un matériel archéologique que l’on peut dater entre le IIIe siècle avant JC et le XVIe siècle de notre ère. Les cercles de pierres de latérite soigneusement taillées et leurs tumuli associés présentent un vaste paysage sacré qui s’est constitué sur plus de 1 500 ans et rendent compte d’une société prospère, pérenne et hautement organisée. Les pierres formant les cercles ont été extraites à l’aide d’outils de fer et savamment taillées en colonnes presque identiques, de section soit cylindrique soit polygonale, d’une hauteur moyenne de 2 mètres et pesant jusqu’à 7 tonnes. Chaque cercle comprend entre 8 et 14 pierres dressées pour un diamètre de 4 à 6 mètres. Tous sont situés près de monticules funéraires. Ce site exceptionnel est représentatif d’une zone mégalithique régionale beaucoup plus large qui, en termes de taille, de caractères de similitude et de complexité, apparaît comme le plus grand complexe connu au monde. Ces pierres admirablement travaillées montrent des techniques de travail de la pierre précises et habiles et contribuent à l’impressionnante grandeur de l’ensemble de ces complexes mégalithiques.

Le site le plus remarquable de l’aire mégalithique est celui de Sine Ngayène (région de Kaolack au Sénégal) qui comporte 52 cercles pour 1200 pierres mégalithiques et une centaine de tumulus (Les tumulus sont une pratique funéraire du Sénégal très ancienne. Comme les Pharaons, les Rois et Chefs étaient inhumés entourés de leurs animaux familiers, de nourriture contenue dans des poteries, avec leurs bijoux, et parfois même leurs cuisiniers et personnel de la cour afin qu’ils ne manquent de rien dans l’au delà.)

Le site de Wanar (région de Kaolack au Sénégal) est moins important en quantité que Sine Ngayène mais les pierres y sont taillées plus finement. Les pierres des autres sites sont souvent de grands blocs immenses alors qu’à Wanar les pierres sont plus petites et liées en forme de A ou de Y. La roche latéritique affleurante de la région de Nioro-du-Rip a permis l'édification de ces monuments funéraires en pierre qui diffèrent des tumulus de sable, de terre ou de coquilles observés dans le reste de la Sénégambie.

Certains sites comprennent les deux types de monuments, cercles de pierre et tumulus. Les tumulus sont toujours situés en dehors des cercles mégalithiques. Ce qui prouve que les tumulus sont plus tardifs que les cercles. On a trouvé dans les cercles mégalithiques beaucoup de corps dont la plupart des squelettes avaient des mutilations dentaires. Mais aussi des poteries cultuelles, des d'armes et des parures.

IMAGES : Les cercles mégalithique de la Sénégambie

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Why I Love Senegal

Experience the Saloum delta forest of the ocean (WEO)

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Experience the delta of Saloum the forest of the ocean

PARTICIPANT MOTIVATION

- Search for natural, cultural and historical authenticity
- Meet people
- Relaxation and rest in a natural setting
- To discover, to know and to acquire a positive experience
- Contributing to the preservation of the natural and cultural heritage

HIGHLIGHTS OF TRAVEL

- Biosphere Reserve (1981)
- Wetlands of International Importance (1984 Ramsar Site)
- The Delta of Saloum and its vestiges of more than two millennia of human occupation are inscribed on the list of World Heritage of Unesco (2011)
- Allowed in the Club of the Most Beautiful Bays of the World (2005)
- The Community Nature Reserve
- Variety and diversity of ecosystems and areas of observation: savannah and aquatic environment
- The fabulous mangrove ecosystem
- Forests of baobabs
- Easy access to observation areas
- Abundant and easy to see aquatic and terrestrial fauna
- One of the biggest ornithological sites in Africa
- The Biosphere Reserve is home to the Saloum Delta National Park
- Ecological trail in Bamboung
- Calm, insulation and natural beauty of the site
- Possibility of seaside activity (bathing supervised)
- Free ride in canoe kayak in the bolongs
- It benefits greatly from the sun and sea air
- Hiking without difficulty
- Location of accommodation in the middle of nature (Keur Bamboung) on ​​the banks of the bolong allowing easy access to the observation areas
- Meetings and exchanges with local populations
- Indigenous populations in hospitals
- Discover local products: restoration, crafts
- Discover traditional socio-economic activities such as fishing, gathering etc.
- Discover traditional local architecture
- Historic, Religious and Sacred Sites
- Discovery of archaeological sites (clumps of shells)
- dynamic and informative guides

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Why I Like Senegal

Dakar, cosmopolitan and historic city

Dakar, capital of Senegal and former capital of French West Africa, is built on a magnificent site, the Cape Verde peninsula, backed by the Atlantic Ocean and bounded by two headlands: the North, the Almadies with east beaches Ngor, Yoff and Cambérène. Its location at the western end of Africa has encouraged the first settlers, and trade with the New World, and gives it a unique position at the intersection of African and European cultures. A beauty legacy infrastructure of the colonial era - the harbor, the railway station, town hall, the Kermel market, the Chamber of Commerce, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Presidential Palace, the National Assembly, the museum Théodore Monod African art in Dakar, the Cathedral of African Remembrance, the famous Sandaga market in neo-Sudanese architecture - were added newer buildings and attraction sites such as the great mosque, the Gate of the Third Millennium and craft village Soumbédioune. the Magdalen Islands, the two hills Udders, the mysterious island of Teunguène are among other attractions to discover Dakar.


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Why I Like Senegal

Casamance, a green Africa

A green Africa postcards with orchards, deep forests and vast beaches, Casamance region is a very special Senegal. Dense forests, beaches lined with coconut trees Cape Skirring in Abene, its islands, mangrove and mangrove forests, its mysterious villages and rice fields are as many prestigious hotel chains have settled. The people of Casamance have managed to preserve their originality and traditions.


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Why I Like Senegal

La Petite Cote, a beach area

With its villages built on piles of shells and beaches, the Small Coast is the tourist region of the country. It covers almost 70 km southeast of Dakar, between Rufisque and Joal Fadiouth. A still calm sea, protected by the Cape Verde peninsula that attenuates the effects of sea breezes, a succession of beaches interspersed with picturesque fishing villages but also baobab forests, an ever-present sun, this is the table that offer visitors the vision Mbodiène villages, Joal-Fadiouth, Joal Finio Pointe Sarene Yenne, Toubab Diallaw, Ndayane, Popenguine, Somone, etc.


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Why I Like Senegal

The Senegal-Oriental, the imagination of Africa

Real end of the world, the region of Eastern Senegal is certainly the richest in surprises and scenery of Senegal. It's a little urbanized region, Africa such as one can dream. This is the only hilly area of ​​the country with its stunning scenery, beautiful wildlife and ethnic traditions still well anchored.


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Why I Like Senegal

The Sine-Saloum, between land and sea

Ramsar site in 1984 for the importance of its wetlands, World Heritage in 2011 and the title of Biosphere Reserve by Unesco in 1980, 2005 also admitted in the Club of the Most Beautiful Bays of the World , the Saloum delta is one of the most beautiful natural areas of Senegal. It is a vast territory between land and sea, where hundreds of islands and islets covered with small savannas, mangroves or mangrove, is one of the richest ecosystems in Africa. We meet many mammals and many species of birds. Marine life is also abundant.


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Why I Love Senegal

Saint-Louis and its parks, a heritage region

In addition to a society whose lifestyles and conviviality are so unique, Saint-Louis is a treasure trove of infrastructures and buildings, witnesses to the glorious history of this former capital of French West Africa. Located on an island in the delta of the Senegal River, the city of Saint-Louis or the majestic "African Venice" is classified in the world heritage list by Unesco. Its natural parks, its charming beaches and its famous fishing district of Guet-Ndar also make the destination Saint-Louis a great attraction of Senegal.


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Why I Love Senegal

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Cap Marniane, a certain idea of ​​paradise in the islands of Saloum (WEO)

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Why I Love Senegal

Cap Marniane, a certain idea of ​​paradise in the islands of Saloum

PARTICIPANT MOTIVATION

- Search for natural and cultural authenticity
- Meet people
- Relaxation and rest in a natural setting
- To discover, to know and to acquire a positive experience
- Contributing to the preservation of the natural and cultural heritage

HIGHLIGHTS OF TRAVEL

- Biosphere Reserve (1981)
- Wetlands of International Importance (1984 Ramsar Site)
- The Delta of Saloum and its vestiges of more than two millennia of human occupation are inscribed on the list of World Heritage of Unesco (2011)
- Allowed in the Club of the Most Beautiful Bays of the World (2005)
- A beautiful landscape of savannah, mangroves, roniers and baobabs
- Close observation of birds and the fabulous mangrove ecosystem
- Calm, insulation and natural beauty of the site
- Between sea and land, an environment of great ecological wealth
- Location of accommodation in the middle of nature on the banks of the bolong
- Possibility of seaside activity (bathing supervised)
- Free ride in canoe kayak in the bolongs
- It benefits greatly from the sun and sea air
- Hiking without difficulty
- Traditional African Villages, Authentic Cultures
- The African bush
- Colorful and eventful market
- Discover traditional local architecture
- Welcoming and Welcoming Indigenous Peoples
- Ethnic diversity
- Meetings and exchanges with local populations
- Cultural event: Yippi dance
- Mysticism and local belief
- Historic, Religious and Sacred Sites
- Discovery of the traditional daily and socio-economic activities of the populations
- Discover local products: restoration, crafts
- dynamic and informative guides

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Why I Love Senegal

Cap Marniane, a certain idea of ​​paradise in the islands of Saloum (WEO / DEVIS)

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